In the most literal definition, dry cleaners are those individuals who remove stains from fabric and other textiles by washing. Dry cleaning also does not involve the use of water; rather, dry cleaners utilize a proprietary solvent instead. The process does not require drying time; thus, it is an environmentally friendly method of cleaning.
Dry cleaning solvents are composed of mineral spirits, which act as a deodorizer and disinfectant. They remove dirt, grease, smudges, and stains from fabrics without damaging the fibers. Dry cleaners also utilize a variety of different solvents in the dry cleaning process, depending on what type of stains or what types of dirt the customer requires removing. Some of these various solvents are lemon juice, cornstarch, and bleach. Each one has its own function and purpose in the dry cleaning process, and dry cleaners make sure to use the right solvent according to the kind of stain or dirt that needs cleaning.
One of the most common misconceptions about dry cleaners is that they use harsh chemicals on fabric. However, this is not the case at all. Dry cleaners are experts when it comes to using the right solvent for the right fabric. Some of the most common fabric types in the dry cleaning process are silk, cotton, and wool. Dry cleaners recognize each type of fabric and the dry cleaning solvent that suits best on them.
Kerosene is one of the most common solvents used by dry cleaners. It is a flammable liquid that is typically found in gasoline, paint, and automotive parts. Kerosene’s melting point is high enough to remove oil and grease from fabric, as well as absorb and lift soils and dirt. Some of the most common cleaning products, like petroleum jelly and diesel-based products don’t contain kerosene but instead are made from flammable polymer that can be mixed with kerosene.
One problem with kerosene and its solvents is that it releases toxic gases into the air, making breathing dangerous. Dry cleaners have recognized this problem and have come up with a solution by creating a line of dry cleaning products that do not use kerosene. These products have a thicker formula of solvent and are also more expensive than regular kerosene-based cleaners. You should always use a dry cleaners that use kerosene-free solvents in order to avoid breathing in any fumes associated with the solvent.
Carbon dioxide and water are the best solvents for cleaning clothes. They leave clothes cleaner, longer, and without the smells associated with the solvent-based products. If you have to use a solvent-based cleaner in order to get your clothes clean, make sure that you read labels carefully so that you will know which solvents are better suited for the fabrics you are washing. In fact, some solvents are not recommended for certain kinds of fabrics, and if it is necessary to use a solvent-based cleaner in order to achieve the cleaning results you want, always check labels first before using it.
Dry cleaners provide a service that many people use but few people understand the process that is involved. Hopefully this article has helped you understand the process behind dry-cleaning.